Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Commitments and Contingencies

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Commitments and Contingencies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies Commitments and Contingencies
In addition to the commitments and contingencies elsewhere in these notes, see below for a discussion of our commitments and contingencies as of September 30, 2019.

Lease Obligations Payable

Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASC 842, which requires recognition of a right-of use asset and a lease liability for all leases at the commencement date based on the present value of the lease payment over the lease term. In March 2018, the Company entered into a Lease Agreement (the “Lease”) which it uses for its corporate office space and headquarters. The term of the Lease began in August 2018 and will continue for an initial term of 66 months, which may be renewed for an additional 5 years. The Company is required to remit base monthly rent which will increase at an average approximate rate of 3% each year. The Company is also required to pay additional rent in the form of its pro-rata share of certain specified operating expenses of the Landlord. The leased space is located in Houston, Texas. The corporate office lease is classified as an operating lease.

In August 2019, the Company entered into an Amended Lease Agreement (the "Lab Lease") which it uses for lab space. The term of the Lease began in September 2019 and will continue for an initial term of 35 months, with no further right or option to renew. The Company is required to remit base monthly rent which will increase at an average approximate rate of 3% each year. The Lab Lease is classified as an operating lease. In August 2019, the Company entered into a sublease with Houston Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("HPI"). The Company has granted HPI access to all of its Lab Lease space and HPI has agreed to pay the Company 50% of the Company's rent payable under the Lab Lease less 50% of any benefits from any sublease or other lab service agreement the Company may receive from its Lab Lease. Although HPI has access to the Company's Lab Lease space, it is the intent of the parties that they equally share the Lab Lease space for research purposes. The Company recorded approximately $3,400 in sublease income from the related party for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. Sublease income is recorded as other income on the Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss.

The Company recorded lease costs of $0.02 million and $0.03 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. The Company made an accounting policy election not to apply the recognition requirements to short-term leases. The Company recognizes the lease payments for short-term leases in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term, and variable lease payments in the period in which the obligation for those payments is incurred. The Company recorded total expenses for its short-term leases of $0.01 million and $0.04 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. The Company recorded lease costs for variable lease payments of $0.01 million and $0.02 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively.
Other supplemental cash flow information for operating leases is as follows (in thousands):

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
Operating cash flows from operating leases $ 20    $ 41   
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities
Operating leases $ 212    $ 321   

The minimum lease payments are expected to be as follows (in thousands):

Years Ending December 31, Minimum Lease Payments
2019 (remaining three months) $ 33   
2020 135   
2021 138   
2022 105   
2023 57   
Thereafter 10   
Total lease payments 478   
Less: imputed interest (74)  
Present value of operating lease liabilities $ 404   

Under the prior lease guidance, future minimum lease payments at December 31, 2018 under long-term leases for the five years ending December 31, 2019 through 2023 and thereafter are as follows (in thousands): $48, $53, $54, $55, $56, and $5, respectively.

As of September 30, 2019, the weighted average remaining lease term is 4.42 and 2.84 for the Lease and Lab Lease, respectively, and the weighted average discount rate is 9.6%. The interest rate implicit in lease contracts is typically not readily determinable and as such, the Company uses an incremental borrowing rate based on a peer analysis using information available at the commencement date, which represents an internally developed rate that would be incurred to borrow, on a collateralized basis, over a similar term, an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, in addition to the initial adoption of the lease standard, the Company amended its Lab Lease which required additional right of use assets and liabilities to be recorded.

MD Anderson

Under agreements associated with Annamycin, the WP1122 Portfolio, and the WP1066 Portfolio, which includes WP1732, all described below, the Company is responsible for certain license, milestone and royalty payments over the course of the agreements. Annual license fees can cost as high as $0.1 million depending upon the anniversary. Milestone payments for the commencement of phase II and phase III clinical trials can cost as high as $0.5 million. Other milestone payments for submission of an NDA to the FDA and receipt of first marketing approval for sale of a license product can be as high as $0.6 million. Royalty payments can range in the single digits as a percent of net sales on drug products or flat fees as high as $0.6 million, depending upon certain terms and conditions. Not all of these payments are applicable to every drug. Total expenses under these agreements were $0.1 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $0.2 million and $0.2 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. On June 29, 2017, the Company entered into an agreement with MD Anderson licensing certain technology related to the method of preparing Liposomal Annamycin.

WP1122 Portfolio

The rights and obligations to an April 2012 Patent and Technology License Agreement entered into by and between IntertechBio and MD Anderson (the “IntertechBio Agreement”) have been assigned to MBI. Therefore, MBI has obtained a
royalty-bearing, worldwide, exclusive license to intellectual property, including patent rights, related to our WP1122 Portfolio and to our drug product candidate, WP1122.

WP1066 Portfolio
 
The rights and obligations to a June 2010 Patent and Technology License Agreement entered into by and between Moleculin LLC and MD Anderson (the “Moleculin Agreement”) have been assigned to MBI. Therefore, MBI has obtained a royalty-bearing, worldwide, exclusive license to intellectual property rights, including patent rights, related to our WP1066 drug product candidate. In consideration, MBI must make payments to MD Anderson including an up-front payment, milestone payments and minimum annual royalty payments for sales of products developed under the license agreement. Annual Maintenance fee payments will no longer be due upon marketing approval in any country of a licensed product. One-time milestone payments are due upon commencement of the first Phase III study for a licensed product within the United States, Europe, China or Japan; upon submission of the first NDA for a licensed product in the United States; and upon receipt of the first marketing approval for sale of a licensed product in the United States. The rights the Company has obtained pursuant to the assignment of the Moleculin Agreement are made subject to the rights of the U.S. government to the extent that the technology covered by the licensed intellectual property was developed under a funding agreement between MD Anderson and the U.S. government.

MBI entered into an out-licensing agreement with Houston Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“HPI”), pursuant to which it granted certain intellectual property rights to HPI, including rights covering the potential drug candidate, WP1066 (“HPI Out-Licensing Agreement”). Under the HPI Out-Licensing Agreement the Company was required to make quarterly sponsored research payments totaling $0.75 million for the first twelve quarters following the effective date, of the HPI Out-Licensing Agreement, or May 2, 2016, in consideration for the right to development data related to the development of licensed products. Notwithstanding the Company's obligation to make the foregoing payments, the HPI Out-Licensing Agreement did not obligate HPI to conduct any research or to meet any milestones. Upon payment in the amount of $1.0 million to HPI within three years of the effective date of the HPI Out-Licensing Agreement ("HPI Option Repurchase Payment") MBI regained all rights to the licensed subject matter and rights to any and all development data and any regulatory submissions including any IND, NDA or ANDA related to the licensed subject matter and can end the license without any other obligation other than the aforementioned quarterly sponsored research payments. The option repurchase payment was paid on April 30, 2019 for $1.0 million and, accordingly, the HPI Out-Licensing Agreement was terminated. The $1.0 million payment was accrued and expensed under "Research and development" in the second quarter of 2018. Total expenses related to HPI were $0.0 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $0.1 million and $1.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

In February 2018, MBI entered into a license agreement with MD Anderson covering a new group of molecules recently discovered in connection with research it has been sponsoring there called WP1732, a part of the WP1066 Portfolio.

Sponsored Research Agreements with MD Anderson

In January 2017, MBI amended its Sponsored Laboratory Study Agreement with MD Anderson where it was extended to the end of October 2018. In December 2017, MBI extended this Agreement until the end of October 2019 for total payment amount of $0.3 million spread over that period of time. In September 2018, the Company extended this Agreement until the end of October 2020 for total payment amount of $0.4 million spread over that period of time. In June 2019, the Company amended the Agreement to support the continuation of the project for total payment amount of $0.4 million. In October 2019, the Company amended the agreement until the end of October 2021 for a total additional payment amount of $0.4 million. The expenses recognized under the MD Anderson agreement with regards to the Sponsored Laboratory Study were $0.2 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $0.4 million and $0.3 million, for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Other Licenses

Dermin

In 2015, the Company obtained the rights and obligations for certain patent and technology development and license agreements with Dermin sp. z o.o. (“Dermin”). In connection with such agreements, certain intellectual property rights related to Annamycin, our WP1122 portfolio, and the Company's WP1066 portfolio were licensed to Dermin and Dermin was granted a royalty-bearing, exclusive license to manufacture, have manufactured, use, import, offer to sell and/or sell products in the field of human therapeutics under the licensed intellectual property. With respect to Annamycin, the license is limited to the
countries of Poland, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Netherlands, Turkey, Belgium, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden, Greece, Portugal, Norway, Denmark, Ireland, Finland, Luxembourg, Iceland, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Germany; provided that the Company has the right to remove Germany from the list of covered territories with a $0.5 million payment. With respect to WP1122, the license is limited to the countries of Belarus, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine. With respect to WP1066, the license is limited to the countries of Belarus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine. In each case, Dermin agreed to pay a royalty for the sale of any licensed product in the licensed territories and agreed to pay all out-of-pocket expenses incurred in filing, prosecuting and maintaining the licensed patents for which the license has been granted in the licensed territories. Dermin also agreed to provide a percentage of certain consideration that Dermin receives pursuant to sublicense agreements. In July 2019, Dermin assigned its rights under the foregoing license agreements to an affiliated entity, Exploration Invest Pte Ltd. (“Exploration”). On July 30, 2019, the Company and Exploration entered into a License Modification Agreement pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue Exploration shares of Company common stock valued at $0.5 million (based on the greater of the closing price of the common stock on the date of the agreement or the 10-day average closing price prior to the date of the agreement) in exchange for the modifying the license agreements to: (i) limit the licensed territory solely to Poland; and (ii) limit the patent rights and technology rights licensed to Exploration to the patent rights and technology rights that existed on the date the original license agreements were entered into with Dermin. On August 8, 2019, the Company issued 429,978 shares of Company common stock to Exploration to satisfy this commitment.

WPD Pharmaceuticals

On February 19, 2019, the Company sublicensed certain intellectual property rights, including rights to Annamycin, its WP1122 portfolio, and its WP1066 portfolio to WPD Pharmaceuticals sp. z o.o. (“WPD”) (the “WPD Agreement”). WPD is affiliated with Dr. Waldemar Priebe, one of the Company's founders and largest shareholder. Under the WPD Agreement, the Company granted WPD a royalty-bearing, exclusive license to research, develop, manufacture, have manufactured, use, import, offer to sell and/or sell products in the field of human therapeutics under the licensed intellectual property in the countries of Germany, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Greece, Austria, Russia, Netherlands, Turkey, Belgium, Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal, Norway, Denmark, Ireland, Finland, Luxembourg, Iceland (“licensed territories”), provided that the Company has the right to buyback Germany from the licensed territories by making a payment $0.5 million. On July 30, 2019, the Company entered into the aforementioned July 30, 2019 agreement with Dermin that satisfied the foregoing buyback right, and as such, Germany is no longer considered part of the licensed territories.

In consideration for entering into the WPD Agreement, WPD agreed that it must use Commercially Reasonable Development Efforts to develop and commercialize products in the licensed territories. For purposes of the WPD Agreement, the term “Commercially Reasonable Development Efforts” means the expenditure by or on behalf of WPD or any of its affiliates of at least: (i) $2.0 million during the first two years of the agreement on the research, development and commercialization of products in the licensed territories; and (ii) $1.0 million annually for the two years thereafter on the research and development of products in the licensed territories. This license is subject to the terms in the prior agreements entered into by the Company with Dermin and MDA.

WPD is actively seeking Polish government grants for research involving licensed drug candidates.

Prior to approval of the WPD Agreement, the Company's board of directors received a fairness opinion from Roth Capital Partners, LLC that stated that it was their opinion that the consideration the Company will receive from WPD pursuant to the WPD Agreement is fair, from a financial point of view, to the Company.

Animal Life Sciences

On February 19, 2019, the Company sublicensed certain intellectual property rights, including rights to Annamycin, its WP1122 portfolio, and its WP1066 portfolio in the field of non-human animals to ALI (the “ALI Agreement”). ALI is affiliated with Dr. Waldemar Priebe, one of its founders and its largest shareholder. Under the ALI Agreement, the Company granted ALI a worldwide royalty-bearing, exclusive license to research, develop, manufacture, have manufactured, use, import, offer to sell and/or sell products in the field of non-human animals under the licensed intellectual property. This license is subject to the terms in the prior agreements entered into by the Company and MDA. Under the ALI Agreement, the Company has the right to name an observer to ALI's board of directors. On August 8, 2019, the Company named its Chairman and CEO Walter V. Klemp to that position.
Since ALI and WPD are beginning the process to develop and commercialize products using the sublicensed intellectual property rights, the Company is currently unable to predict whether ALI and WPD will be successful in developing such products or when the Company may recognize royalty revenues related to such products.

Employment Agreements

The Company has agreements with certain employees to provide certain benefits in the event of termination where the base salary and certain other benefits would aggregate approximately $0.9 million using the rate of compensation in effect at September 30, 2019.